Acc557 wk 7 chapter 9,10 quiz all possible questions by benjamincpasko

the book value of a plant asset is always equal to its fair market value.

Depletion expense is reported in the income statement as an operating expense. When purchasing land, the costs for clearing, draining, filling, and grading should be charged to a Land Improvements account. Factors that determine depreciation are cost, salvage value, and useful life. 6.Depletion expense is reported in the income statement as an operating expense. 4.Capital expenditures are costs that increase the company’s investment in productive facilities. 1.The book value or carrying value of PPE is always equal to its fair market value.

What is book value vs fair value?

The carrying value, or book value, is an asset value based on the company's balance sheet, which takes the cost of the asset and subtracts its depreciation over time. The fair value of an asset is usually determined by the market and agreed upon by a willing buyer and seller, and it can fluctuate often.

The gain or loss on the sale of a plant asset is determined by comparing market value of assets received with _____. The gain or loss on the sale of a plant asset is determined by comparing market value of assets… Assume sold an acai processing machine for $172,000 cash. If accumulated depreciation on the sale date was $59,500 and a gain of $6,850 was recognized on the sale. What was the original cost of the asset? $66,350 B. $224,650 C.

How Do You Determine Carrying Value?

General Molding is building a new plant that will take three years to construct. The construction will be financed in part by funds borrowed during the construction period. There are significant architect fees, excavation fees, and building permit fees. Excavation fees are capitalized but building permit fees are not. Architect fees are capitalized but building permit fees are not. Interest is capitalized during the construction as part of the cost of the building. The capitalized cost is equal to the contract price to build the plant less any interest on borrowed funds.

the book value of a plant asset is always equal to its fair market value.

Is globally accepted as a measure to record the property plant and equipment. It will always show assets on a historical basis, considered for calculating depreciation and other statutory matters. V. A CPA tells Leon that Webworks should be depreciating its equipment and furniture. The CPA recommends that Webworks use the straight-line method with a four-year life for the equipment and a five-year life for the furniture. Normally, when an error is made, such as not depreciating equipment, the company must go back and restate prior financial statements correctly.

Examples of Historical Cost or Cost Principle

Thus, according to U.S. GAAP, the recoverability test and the fair value test must be used when impairment is suspected. Some might argue that this process is not the best method for determining an impairment loss.

  • The declining-balance method of depreciation is called an accelerated depreciation method because it depreciates an asset in a shorter period of time than the asset’s useful life.
  • The rationale for immediately expensing such assets is the difficulty in determining whether a particular expenditure results in a future benefit (i.e., an asset) or not (i.e., an expense).
  • Book value is the net amount at which an asset appears on a company’s balance sheet.
  • Nexia International Limited and each of its member firms are separate legal entities and not part of a worldwide partnership.
  • The price-to-book (P/B) ratio is a popular way to compare book and market values, and a lower ratio may indicate a better deal.

Once again, the book value has increased but, in this situation, the life of the asset has also been lengthened. The primary rationale for this pattern is that property and equipment often produce higher revenues earlier in their lives because they are newer. The matching principle would suggest that recognizing more depreciation in these periods is appropriate to better align the expense with the revenues earned. Although gains and losses appear on the income statement, they are often shown separately from revenues and expenses. Construct the journal entry to record the disposal of property or equipment and the recognition of a gain or loss. A mechanically derived pattern allocating the cost of assets such as buildings and equipment to expense over the expected number of years that they will be used to help generate revenues.

Recoverability of the carrying amount

Depreciation for the final eight months that it was used in Year Three is $76,000 (8/12 of $114,000). The following journal entries reduce the asset’s book value to $324,500 (cost of $600,000 less accumulated depreciation of $275,500). Cash of $350,000 is collected from the sale. Thus, a gain of $25,500 is recognized ($350,000 less $324,500).

  • Total assets cover all types of financial assets, including cash, short-term investments, and accounts receivable.
  • The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice.
  • Impairment of both tangible and intangible assets is recorded as a separate expense on the income sheet and is neither amortized nor depreciated.

An item of property, plant, or equipment shall not be carried at more than recoverable amount. Recoverable the book value of a plant asset is always equal to its fair market value. amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and its value in use.

Challenges with Historic Cost Principle

However, book value should be taken with a grain of salt. The value of assets changes depending on the market. You will need to know your assets’ or business’s market value if you are ready to sell. These are some items to contemplate when considering using NBV as a proxy for fair value. NBV does not consider market conditions or current economic circumstances that could cause the asset fair value to deviate significantly from the NBV. Used in the indirect cost approach method to adjust for changing price levels to estimate current year cost new.

  • Perform the two tests utilized to identify the need to recognize a loss because of impairment in the value of property or equipment.
  • 7Pension fund obligations are booked at the excess or deficiency of the present value of the projected benefit obligations over the present value of pension fund assets.
  • Outstanding shares consist of all the company’s stock currently held by all its shareholders.
  • For example, say a company purchased a building and the land it sits on for $60,000 in 1975.
  • In this case, market value is the same as book value on the books of the reporting entity.

Compute the annual depreciation using 5-year Straight line depreciation and 5-year MACRS depreciation if the asset is sold at the end of year 5. Salvage value is zero.

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